What is Ativan (Lorazepam)?

Ativan is the brand name for Lorazepam, an anti-anxiety agent. Lorazepam is a benzodiazepine* and mild tranquilizer, sedative and central nervous system depressant. It is manufactured in pill form as well as a liquid form for injection.   Lorazepam has all six intrinsic benzodiazepine effects, including the ability to reduce anxietyinterfere with new memory formationreduce agitation/induce sleep, treat seizurestreat nausea and vomiting and relax muscles. Ativan is used for the short-term treatment of anxiety, insomnia, acute seizures including status epilepticus and sedation of hospitalized patients, as well as sedation of aggressive patients. Lorazepam is also the most common benzodiazepine used to decrease the likelihood of agitation and seizures in patients who have overdosed on stimulant drugs. The effects of Ativan are usually felt one to five minutes after receiving it intravenously, 15 to 30 minutes after muscular injection or one to six hours after oral administration.

Signs and Symptoms of Ativan Addiction

Ativan is very addictive and can cause psychological and physical dependence. Withdrawal symptoms, similar in character to those noted with barbiturates and alcohol (convulsions, tremor, abdominal and muscle cramps, vomiting, and sweating), have occurred following abrupt discontinuance of Ativan. The more severe withdrawal symptoms have usually been limited to those patients who received excessive doses over an extended period of time. The symptoms of Ativan overdose are degrees of central nervous system depression ranging from drowsiness to coma. In mild cases, symptoms include drowsiness, mental confusion and lethargy. In more serious cases, and especially when other drugs or alcohol were ingested, symptoms may include lack of coordination, low muscle tone, hypotension, hypnotic state, stage one to three coma and very rarely, death. Almost all addicted persons tell themselves in the beginning that they can conquer their addiction on their own without the help of outside resources. Unfortunately, this is not usually the case. When an addict makes an attempt to discontinue drug use without the aid of professional help, statistically the results do not last long.
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